Food Processing Industries sector is fast developing in Manipur. Since 1991, the Department of Commerce & Industries, Manipur became the State Nodal Agency of the Ministry of Food Processing Industries, Govt. of India, a number of Projects/Schemes were taken up with the assistance of the Ministry. Favoured by agro-climatic conditions, Manipur produces variety of fruits, vegetables, cereals, pulses, spices, etc. suitable for processing and potential for export.
Schemes like Technology Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture with the objective of improving production and productivity of horticultural crops by harnessing the potential of the region makes this field a viable option for commercialization as well as marketing.
Given the agro-climatic conditions, the State has rich agriculture resources. As per the Techno-feasibility Report conducted under the aegis of the National Horticultural Board and NABARD in collaboration with the Department of Horticulture and Soil Conservation, Manipur, the potential area identified for horticultural crops is 2,77,064 Ha. Out of this, about 62,200 hectares is covered under horticulture crops and an area of 2,14,864 hectares still remains uncovered; giving ample opportunity for expansion.
Common horticulture crops grown in the State are Kharif vegetables (French bean, Cucurbits, Tomatoes, Brinjal, Bhindi, Colocecia, Alocacia), Rabi vegetables (Cabbage, Cauliflower, Potato, Pea, Broad bean, Radish, Carrot, Broccoli, lettuce, Capsicum), Spices (Onion, Garlic, Chilli, Ginger, Turmeric, Hatkora) Fruits and Plantation Crops (Litchi, Cashew nuts, Wall nuts, Orange, Lemon, Banana, Pineapple, Passion fruit, Peach, Pear, Plum).
Area, Production and Productivity of important horticultural crops are tabled below:
|Sl. No.||Name of Crop||Total|
|Area under cultivation (in Ha)||Production (in MT)|
Creation of various opportunities by the Ministry of FPI and other Ministries of Government of India, there are a number of steps to be taken up for the growth of Food Processing Industries sector in the State. The major challenges are given below:
Low level of processing means (approx):
Cereal/grain processing : 65%
Fruit & Vegetable : 1.5%
Fish processing : 0.5%
Others : 15%
A huge loss has been incurred to the income of the State as well as to the farmers. Taking the opportunity of priority given by the Central Government on Food Processing Industries sector, Manipur can also take these advantages to create huge employment opportunities, raise income levels, eliminate mass poverty and transform rural India. Food processing will also earn much needed foreign exchange, which in turn can help finance overall transformational growth. Attempts may be made to explore market and export of food products in the South Asian Countries.
Projects/Schemes taken up/being taken up under Central Sector Schemes/Projects:
Food Park at Nilakuthi: -
A Food Park with a project cost of Rs. 3172.40 lakh has been established at Nilakuthi, Imphal East District, Manipur. The financial pattern of the Project is given below: -
|1.||i) State share
|2.||Term Loan from NABARD under RIDF||1574.16|
|3.||Grant in aid from MFPI, GOI||400.00|
The Food Park is targeted to complete within March 2010 having the common facilities like viz; warehouse, Cold Storage, Weigh Bridge, Quality Control Laboratory, Post office, Banks, Water and power supply, Sewage treatment etc. There will be 50 – 60 Food Processing Units out of which 31 entrepreneurs have been selected. A sum of Rs. 200.00 lakh and Rs. 885.00 lakh and Rs. 335.31 lakh are still required to release for the Project by the Ministry, NABARD and State Govt. under SPA during the year 2009 – 10 respectively.
Projects/Schemes taken up under State Plan:
- Preparation of Project reports for 5(five) hill districts for Integrated Cold Chain etc. (Senapati, Chandel, Ukhrul, Churachandpur and Tamenglong)
Some reknown brand names of some FPI Units: